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Mary, The Mother Of God

August 18, 2018 10 Comments

Mary, The Mother Of God

The Christian church regularly celebrates the great men and women of the faith. These faithful people, often called saints, give us examples of holy, faithful lives to imitate. Christians who follow the liturgical calendar, often called the church year, may celebrate some saints days. However, many of us don’t regularly reflect on the life and history of some of the most famous Christians.

Avoiding Arguments About Mary

Many Christians celebrate the virgin Mary on August 15th. Some call the day the Dormition of Mary. The conversation about Mary, the Mother of God, creates controversy whenever Christians from different denominations get together. There is a great deal of complexity in the conversation about whether Mary was sinless or not, whether she needed a savior or not, and many attendant issues.

This article isn’t going to touch that conversation. If you want to know your own church’s teaching about Mary, you should talk to your pastor. Plus, there are many, many web and print articles that will help you understand the intricacies of the debate within Christianity.

This article, however, will explore that which is common among all Christians by focusing on what the Bible says about the virgin Mary and what the earliest Christians said about her as well.

The Virgin Mary In The Bible

The Annunciation

There is only one place to Mary’s story, the birth of Jesus. Mary first appears in the Gospel of Luke when the angel Gabriel arrives to announce that she will become pregnant. When Gabriel tells Mary that she’s going to have a son, she asks the question everyone would’ve asked, “How will this be, since I am a virgin?”

The angel tells her that the Holy Spirit will cause her to become pregnant. Mary responds, “ “Behold, I am the servant of the Lord; let it be to me according to your word.” Her simple answer hides the amazing faith that it takes to accept the angel’s words. Virgins don’t become pregnant. They don’t have babies. And there is no record of God ever giving a virgin a child. But may just accepts what God promises.

Her simple faith is a model for our faith. God’s word makes promises that can seem outlandish. He promises to make sinful people holy, to keep us strong in adversity, to guard us in death, and to raise us from the grave on the last day. He does this, not with flashy miracles, but through simple words and lowly churches. Like Mary, he wants us to take him at his word.

Jesus In The Temple

The next time we see Mary is when Jesus is in the temple. This twelve-year-old boy stays behind to sit in the temple while his family goes back to Nazareth. After travelling for a day, Mary and Joseph realize that Jesus wasn’t with the extended family. So, they rush back to Jerusalem to find him. If you’ve ever lost a child in Walmart, you must know exactly how they felt.

When they find Jesus, Mary says to him, “Son, why have you treated us so? Behold, your father and I have been searching for you in great distress.” Jesus answers, “Why were you looking for me? Did you not know that I must be in my Father's house?” While Mary didn’t understand what Jesus said, the Bible does tell us that she treasured up all these things in her heart. She knew that something was special about him, and she pondered all these things to figure out what her son would do.

They Think He’s Crazy

In Mark 3, Jesus’ mother and brothers come to him while he’s teaching in Capernaum. They hear what he’s saying and say to themselves, “He’s out of his mind!” When they came to the house where he was teaching them, the crowd tells Jesus that his mother and brothers were there.

This gives Jesus the occasion to redefine the family of God. He says, “Who are my mother and my brothers?...Here are my mother and my brothers! For whoever does the will of God, he is my brother and sister and mother.” Jesus tells us that the family of God is not defined by biology, tribe, or neighborhood. God’s family comes together around faith in Jesus Christ, and our old family ties mean nothing compared to that.

At The Foot Of The Cross

Mary also stands at the foot of the cross while Jesus was dying. She and the other women were the only ones who stayed with Jesus through his trial and death. The disciples all abandoned Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane. Even Peter, after he followed Jesus to the trial before the high priest, abandoned Jesus, denying him three times.

Mary and the other women, however, stayed with Jesus through it all. They weren’t afraid. They were so attached to Jesus that they stuck with him until the end.

The Gospel of John adds to the story. While Jesus was on the cross, John stood next to Mary, and Jesus said to them, “‘Woman, behold, your son!’ Then he said to the disciple, ‘Behold, your mother!’” This redefines the family of God again. Mary had sons, Jesus’ brothers. They would normally be the ones to take care of her. Jesus, however, assigns John the task to care for her. Our first responsibility is to the family of faith. That’s where we look for love and care.

There is one extra-biblical record that Mary stayed with John for the rest of her life. The Apostolic Father, Ignatius, wrote a letter to John, mentioning her, and he also wrote a letter to the virgin Mary herself. He asks her to affirm everything that Ignatius had heard from the Apostle John, and she replies saying that everything he heard was true. Mary, then, remained a witness of Jesus for the rest of her life, living proof that he was born of a virgin, suffered, died, and rose.

The Holy Theotokos

Many years later, the church was embroiled in a controversy about the identity of Jesus Christ. In the fifth century, Nestorius of Constantinople asserted that Mary was only the mother of Jesus’ humanity and not the mother of his divinity. In other words, she wasn’t the mother of God. She was the mother of Jesus. His divine nature was something separate.

The rest of the church, however, knew that this separation between Christ’s divine nature and his human nature undermined the incarnation. If the two natures were separate, Jesus was not fully human and fully divine. His divinity did not have anything to do with his humanity. Thus, only Jesus’ human nature would have died on the cross. Only his human nature would have rose from the dead. Therefore, we would not be saved.

In the council of Ephesus in 431, the church denied this heresy, and they affirmed her true title, Theotokos , which means God-bearer. That is how we most remember Mary. It’s not for her faith or for her obedience. We remember Mary, because she is the instrument through whom God brought salvation into the world by the incarnation of Jesus.

So, no matter what you believe about the virgin Mary, we all have this in common. We remember her because of her son. She gave birth to the salvation of the world and the one by whom we receive eternal life. Many protestant churches shy away from celebrating her, because they don’t want to seem “too Catholic.” Mary should have an important place in all of our churches, because she is the mother of God.

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10 Responses

Denise Leonard
Denise Leonard

July 01, 2020

I believe Mary is the Mother of Jesus ‘chosen by God, I believe what I have read in the Bible about her obedience to God in the book of Luke and with her cousin Miriam , I believe The baby of Miriam lept in her womb. i believe in the lieage of Christ according to scripture by the betrothed this of Mary to Joseph,I believe Jesus is the Son of God , I believe he was crucified for my sins.Jesus died and was buried and is the only resurrected Lord, And Jesus is the only intersessor to God!. Mary is to be recognized and honored as an original Christian and remember for her steadfast obedience with faith is something she could not see for herself. True Faith! She is to be an example to model our lives by.

Lydia Ramos
Lydia Ramos

January 26, 2019

No where in scripture are we told to pray to Mary nor worship her. Like us Mary was a sinner..I do believe as the mother of God we should hold her with deep respect and honor.

Lydia Ramos
Lydia Ramos

February 21, 2019

No where in scripture are we told to pray to Mary nor worship her. Like us Mary was a sinner..I do believe as the mother of God we should hold her with deep respect and honor.

Mrs.Verdell Bardon
Mrs.Verdell Bardon

August 26, 2018

Mary Was A Faithful Women She And The Other Women Stay With JESUS"Until The End He Died For Us To Save Our Sins Thank You JESUS"I Love You Praise"Your Holy"Name AMEN"AMEN"

Viv
Viv

August 26, 2018

Excellent article….it’s crazy how we must walk on eggs and be politically correct when addressing the topic of St Mary. We are not cautious to this extreme when speaking about our own mothers and how they loved us and took care of us and taught us and faced adversities for us. Yet when the Virgin is regarded, most like to discard her like a box that held the diamond ring. (I heard ppl using that term). Yet when I bluntly use their own heated negative remarks on their own mothers they abruptly stop and stare at me, blinking, offended by the same comment used to describe a woman who obviously gave birth to a commoner. A Virgin who lived all her life serving in the synagogue and then marrying an elder, a man aged about 70, then giving birth to the Light of the World, did not have sex often to get pregnant often and have siblings for Jesus. You don’t hear much of St Joseph bc he died quite early in this marriage. And the only reason he married her was to give this 14 year old dignity. Instead of taking her in ‘as a maid’ he took her in ‘as a wife’. It was more of a father daughter relationship. We must discern between truth and Hollywood movies with the director’s perception splattered on the screen. These were his cousins. And this is why she went to St John and lived with him (she was only 47). She is a 100% human being that showed us by example what love, gentleness, respect, care and most of all grace looks like in the most difficult of times. She experienced and witnessed one of the most horrific events and yet she held it together trusting the Lord to the very end.

Jeanne
Jeanne

August 26, 2018

Mary can show us so much about her son. She is the vessel that not only delivered him into this world in the same way we are, but to this day she brings us closer to her son, Jesus. She, like all mothers, knew and knows her son best. We pray to her, as we do to other saints, to intercede on our behalf and to bring our petitions to Him. She presents our needs and prayers to Jesus in a special way, through great grace. Often we ask her to present these petitions but realize our prayers may be used to help someone else in greater need. No prayer, whether it be to Mary, a saint, or directly to the Holy Trinity, is ever unheard or wasted. We Catholics do not deify Mary, or worship her as we do God, but we honor and adore her, and use her to intercede for us.

Rugby Baker
Rugby Baker

August 26, 2018

The paradoxes of the Word. Complex, yet, so simple.
Mary was chosen by our Heavenly Father, God, to bear His Son, Jesus. Her temperament & behavior was excellent. Today’s science tells & shows a virgin can have a baby.
Mother of God? Jesus, himself, says, within the Gospel,
“If you know my Father, then, you know me; we are one.”
Therefore, Mary gave birth to Jesus, Gods’ Son. God came to earth in the flesh through His only begotten son; they were one. We should be so blessed to have the temperament of Marys’ Son.

Jammey Dale Thomas
Jammey Dale Thomas

August 26, 2018

Yes Mary was the mother of JESUS CHRIST of the HOLY SPIRIT our SAVIOR that died for sin of the world that did rise from the dead.
I BELEIVE GOD.
I RECEIVE GOD.
I am BLESSED by GOD for GOD sent by the TRUE SPIRIT of GOD. AMEN AMEN AMEN

Bonnie M Russell
Bonnie M Russell

August 23, 2018

If we believe that Jesus is God and that Mary was his mother, of course Mary is the mother of God. That said, it is the deification of Mary that offends Protestants. To refer to her as “Queen of Heaven”, to pray to her instead of to God he Father or to Jesus, or to ascribe miracles in her name, is blasphemous to most Protestants. Historically, the “mother goddess”, known by many names throughout Europe and the Middle East long before the birth of Jesus and throughout early years of the church, was widely celebrated. The early church leaders and missionaries often relegated these deities to the status of saints and created back stories about them. The deification of Mary comes from this tradition and threatens belief in the Trinity of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. Mary, chosen by God to bear His Son, and other holy people of the past and present should be recognized and revered, but not deified to soothe the sensibilities of non-believers that they might be comfortable joining the Church and less likely to martyr the missionaries.

Frank  Cabano
Frank Cabano

August 23, 2018

Mary was a vessel, a faithful child of God. He used her bc she was willing. We are called to honor Christ and to lift Him up. We should remember all those that gave themselves for the Kingdom but not celebrate them. Remember them as examples of how to walk in this sinful world. Mary had no fear, that how we should live, she was faithful that’s how we should live. She was willing to be used, so should we.

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